Template:Cite news

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Template:Cs1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual media
{{Cite AV media notes}}AV media liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books and chapters
{{Cite CiteSeerX}}CiteSeerX papers
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or TV episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}podcasts
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite ssrn}}SSRN papers
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}web sources not covered by the above
See also'
'

This Template:Cs1 template is used to create citations for news articles in print, video, audio or web.

Usage

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage" does not exist. Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage common" does not exist.

To cite a news article with a credited author

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |work= |location= |access-date=}}

To cite a news article with no credited author

{{cite news |author=<!--not stated--> |date= |title= |url= |work= |location= |access-date=}}

To cite an online news article that has been archived

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |url-status= |work= |location= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date=}}

To cite a news article written in a foreign language

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |work= |location= |access-date=}}

To cite and quote an archived news article clipped with an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite news |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |url-status= |language= |work= |location= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |quote=}}

|}

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{{cite news |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |name-list-style= |date= |year= |orig-date= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |url-status= |format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |department= |work= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |agency= |page= |pages= |at= |no-pp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |url-access= |quote= |postscript= |ref=}}

|}

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To cite a news article with a credited author
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| work         = 
| location     = 
| access-date  = 
}}
To cite a news article with no credited author
{{cite news
| author       =<!--not stated-->
| title        = 
| url          = 
| work         = 
| location     = 
| date         = 
| access-date  =
}}
To cite an online news article that has been archived
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| url-status   = 
| work         = 
| location     = 
| archive-url  = 
| archive-date = 
| access-date  = 
}}
To cite a news article written in a foreign language
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| language     = 
| work         = 
| location     = 
| access-date  = 
}}
To cite and quote a clipped and archived news article on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription
{{cite news
| last1        = 
| first1       = 
| last2        = 
| first2       = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| url-status   = 
| format       = 
| language     = 
| work    = 
| location     = 
| archive-url  = 
| archive-date = 
| access-date  = 
| via          = 
| url-access   = 
| quote        = 
}}

|}

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{{cite news
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| author-link1          = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| author-link2          = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| author-link3          = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| author-link4          = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| author-link5          = 
| display-authors       = 
| author-mask           = 
| name-list-style       = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| orig-date             =
| title                 = 
| script-title          = 
| trans-title           = 
| url                   = 
| url-status            = 
| format                = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| display-editors       = 
| department            = 
| work                  = 
| type                  = 
| series                = 
| language              = 
| volume                = 
| issue                 = 
| others                = 
| edition               = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| publication-date      = 
| agency                = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| no-pp                 = 
| arxiv                 = 
| asin                  = 
| bibcode               = 
| doi                   = 
| doi-broken-date       = 
| isbn                  = 
| issn                  = 
| jfm                   = 
| jstor                 = 
| lccn                  = 
| mr                    = 
| oclc                  = 
| ol                    = 
| osti                  = 
| pmc                   = 
| pmid                  = 
| rfc                   = 
| ssrn                  = 
| zbl                   = 
| id                    = 
| archive-url           = 
| archive-date          = 
| access-date           = 
| via                   = 
| quote                 = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   = 
}}

Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid" does not exist.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid" does not exist.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Choosing between {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}}

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Before 2014, editors needed to decide whether to use {{Cite web}} or {{Cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, however, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated.

As of Template:Diff, {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}} have the following differences:

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

Cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Trat ite ai May 26, 2015.
Cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Trat ite ai May 26, 2015.

Examples

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A news article with a credited author
{{cite news |last=Wolford |first=Ben |date=2013-10-16 |title=Citrus Canker Lawsuit Headed Back to Trial |url=http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/palm-beach/fl-citrus-canker-ruling-20131016,0,7602285.story |work=South Florida Sun-Sentinel |access-date=2013-10-17}}
Displays as:
A news article released by a news agency and having no credited author
{{cite news |author=<!--not stated--> |title=Bellingham Police Arrest WWU Student in Melee |url=http://blogs.seattletimes.com/today/2013/10/bellingham-police-arrest-wwu-student-in-melee/ |work=The Seattle Times |agency=Associated Press |date=2013-10-17 |access-date=2013-10-17}}
Displays as:
A news article that has been archived
{{cite news |last=Pank |first=Philip |date=2013-10-18 |title=Families Accuse Network Rail of Cover-Up |url=http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/business/industries/transport/article3897709.ece |url-status=dead |work=The Times |location=London |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6KS5scqfE |archive-date=2013-10-18 |access-date=2013-10-18}}
Displays as:
A news article written in a foreign language
{{cite news |last=Bourmaud |first=François-Xavier |date=2013-10-17 |title=Hollande dans le bourbier de l'affaire Leonarda |trans-title=Hollande in the quagmire of the Leonarda case |url=http://www.lefigaro.fr/politique/2013/10/17/01002-20131017ARTFIG00575-hollande-dans-le-bourbier-de-l-affaire-leonarda.php |language=French |work=Le Figaro |location=Paris |access-date=2013-10-17}}
Displays as:
A clipped and archived news article that you quote, found on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription
{{cite news |url=https://www.newspapers.com/clip/30201172/daily_news/ |title=Czechs honor Yuri |date=30 April 1961 |newspaper=Daily News|access-date=2 April 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190402233429/https://www.newspapers.com/clip/30201172/daily_news/|archive-date=2 April 2019|url-status=live |agency=Reuters |location=New York |page=35 |via=Newspapers.com |quote=Czech President [[Antonin Novotny]] today made visiting Soviet spaceman Yuri Gagarin a "Hero of Socialist Labor".}}
Displays as:
  • "Czechs honor Yuri". Daily News. New York. Reuters. 30 April 1961. p. 35. Archivià dal uriginel ai 2 April 2019. Trat ite ai 2 April 2019 – via Newspapers.com. Czech President Antonin Novotny today made visiting Soviet spaceman Yuri Gagarin a "Hero of Socialist Labor".

Parameters

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Syntax

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Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

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COinS

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This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, or &#160;, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters

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Note: This table of metadata is displayed in the documentation of all Citation Style 1 templates. Not all of these parameters are supported by every CS1 template. Some of these parameters are mutually exclusive, some are aliases of another parameter, and some require other parameters to be present. A full list of this template's supported parameters, their aliases, and their dependencies is shown in the Usage section near the top of this documentation page.

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |script-chapter=, |contribution=, |script-contribution=, |entry=, |script-entry=, |article=, |script-article=, |section=, |script-section=
  • |title=, |script-title=, |book-title=
  • |publication-place=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=, |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=, |quote-page=, |quote-pages=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |institution=
  • |url=, |chapter-url=, |contribution-url=, |section-url=
  • |author-last=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |author-surname=, |author-surname#=, |author#-surname=, |last=, |last#=, |surname=, |surname#=, |author=, |author#=, |subject=, |subject#=, |host=, |host#=
  • |author-first=, |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |author-given=, |author-given#=, |author#-given=, |first=, |first#=, |given=, |given#=
  • |degree=
  • |arxiv=, |bibcode=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |doi=, |eissn=, |eprint=, |hdl=, |isbn=, |issn=, |jfm=, |jstor=, |lccn=, |message-id=, |mr=, |oclc=, |osti=, |pmc=, |pmid=, |rfc=, |ssrn=, |s2cid=, |zbl=

What's new

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Deprecated

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Description

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Authors

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  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the name of an organizational author (e.g. a committee) or the complete name (first and last) of a single person; for the latter, prefer the use of |first= and |last=. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M. Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty. Use generational and Template:Notatypo suffixes only in accordance with MOS:JRSR and use honorifics only in accordance with MOS:HON.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn, but not the other way around). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, author1-link, authorlink.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
    • name-list-style: accepts a limited list of keywords as value; when set to amp, ampersand, or &, inserts an ampersand between the last two names in a name list; when set to and, inserts the conjunction 'and' between the last two names of a name list; when set to vancdisplays name lists in Vancouver style when the lists use the last/first forms of name parameters.
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses. End with etal if appropriate:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corp.)), etal
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • Template:Xtd: deprecated Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn, but not the other way around). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using Template:Sfnote or Template:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

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Template:Crossreference

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotation marks. For titles containing quotation marks, convert regular quotation marks (") to single quotation marks ('). See MOS:QINQ for guidance in more complex situations. If script-title is defined, use title to hold a Romanization (if available) of the title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based script (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, etc.); not italicized, follows italicized Romanization defined in title (if present). Must be prefixed with one of the supported language codes to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will not display and link correctly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.
  • language: The language (or a comma-separated list of the languages) in which the source is written, as either the ISO 639 language code (preferred) or the full language name. Examples: |language=ru; |lang=fr, pt-br; |lang=Russian; |language=French, Portuguese. See the list of supported codes and names. Do not use templates or wikilinks. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. When the only source language is English, no language is displayed in the citation. The use of languages recognized by the citation module adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Template:Cl. Because cs1|2 templates are often copied from en.wiki to other wikis, the use of language codes is preferred so that language names render in the correct language and form: espagnol at a French-language wiki instead of the English word "Spanish". Aliases: lang

Periodical (work, newspaper, website)

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/journal" does not exist.

Publisher

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/publisher" does not exist. Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/agency" does not exist.

  • date: Date of referenced source. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.Template:R/ref Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after the website and publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
Shortened footnotes target full citations using the year specified in this parameter. A lowercase letter may be suffixed to the year to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple works by the same author in the same year,[more] unless the date is formatted as YYYY-MM-DD. In the latter case, year or ref is required to disambiguate the link targets.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", use |date=n.d.
The date of a Web page, PDF, etc. with no visible date can sometimes be established by searching the page source or document code for a created or updated date; a comment for editors such as date=2021-12-25<!--date from page source-->|orig-date=Original date 2011-01-01 can be added.

Template:Citation Style documentation/auto-date-format

  • year: Year of publication. The more flexible |date= parameter also handles a year by itself. Do not use in combination with the |date= parameter, unless both of the following conditions are met:
    1. Shortened footnotes target multiple citations with same last name and year of publication. (This situation necessitates a CITEREF disambiguator, usually a lowercase letter suffixed to the year.)
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD. (This format prevents the addition of a disambiguating letter to the year.)
  • orig-date: Original publication date or year; displays in square brackets after the date (or year). For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-date=First published 1859 or |orig-date=Composed 1904. As |orig-date= does not support automatic date formatting, use the same date format as defined by |df= (or, if it exists in the article, by |cs1-dates= of a {{use dmy dates}} or {{use mdy dates}} template), or as used in the |date= parameter. Alias: orig-year
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates; overrides the automatic date formatting described above. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
Fal tles notes: Il tag <ref> con nome "date" definito in <references> non è usato nel testo precedente.

Edition, volume

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  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.

Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/volume" does not exist.

In-source locations

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/pages" does not exist.

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Anchor

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/ref" does not exist.

Identifiers

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/id1" does not exist. Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/id2" does not exist.

Quote

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Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/quote" does not exist.

Editors

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Lay summary

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Display options

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Subscription or registration required

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TemplateData

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This is the TemplateData for this template used by TemplateWizard, VisualEditor and other tools. click here to see a monthly parameter usage report for this template based on this TemplateData.

TemplateData for Cite news

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

Parametri template[Modifica dati del modello]

Questo template ha una formattazione personalizzata.

ParametroDescrizioneTipoStato
Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'.

Lineaconsigliato
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'.

Lineaconsigliato
Author linkauthor-link author-link1 author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link2'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 2author-link2 author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link3'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 3author-link3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link4'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 4author-link4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link5'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 5author-link5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link6'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 6author-link6 author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link7'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 7author-link7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link8'.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 8author-link8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Author link 9author-link9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Display authorsdisplay-authors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

Numerofacoltativo
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringafacoltativo
Name list stylename-list-style

Set to 'amp' or 'and' to change the separator between the last two names of the name list to ' & ' or ' and ', respectively. Set to 'vanc' to display name lists in Vancouver style.

Stringafacoltativo
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Stringafacoltativo
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Dataconsigliato
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringafacoltativo
Original dateorig-date

Original date of publication; provide specifics

Stringafacoltativo
Source titletitle

The title of the article as it appears in the source; displays in quotes

Stringaobbligatorio
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringafacoltativo
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Stringafacoltativo
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringafacoltativo
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Stringafacoltativo
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Stringafacoltativo
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Stringafacoltativo
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'

Esempio
2–3
Stringaconsigliato
No ppno-pp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Valore automatico
y
Booleanofacoltativo
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringafacoltativo
Name of publicationwork journal magazine periodical newspaper website

Name of the newspaper, magazine or periodical; displays after title

Esempio
[[The Wall Street Journal]]
Stringaconsigliato
Publisherpublisher institution

Name of the parent institution or company that publishes the newspaper, magazine, or periodical; displays after name of the publication

Esempio
[[Gannett]]
Stringafacoltativo
Agencyagency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

Stringafacoltativo
Issueissue number

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Stringafacoltativo
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

Stringafacoltativo
Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Stringafacoltativo
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringafacoltativo
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Valore automatico
Datafacoltativo
Editor last nameeditor-last editor-last1 editor1-last editor-surname editor-surname1 editor1-surname editor editor1

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-first1 editor1-first editor-given editor-given1 editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Sconosciutofacoltativo
Editor linkeditor-link editor-link1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringafacoltativo
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringafacoltativo
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the&nbsp;protocol relative scheme "//..."

Esempio
https://www.nytimes.com/...
URLconsigliato
URL statusurl-status

If set to 'live', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live. Set to "dead" or 'usurped' for broken links. Entering 'unfit' or 'usurped' makes the original link not appear at all.

Valori suggeriti
dead live usurped unfit
Predefinito
'dead' if an Archive URL is entered
Esempio
'dead' or 'live'
Stringafacoltativo
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Valori suggeriti
registration subscription limited
Stringafacoltativo
URL access dateaccess-date

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Dataconsigliato
Archive URLarchive-url

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

Stringafacoltativo
Archive datearchive-date

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Stringafacoltativo
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringafacoltativo
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringafacoltativo
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringafacoltativo
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringafacoltativo
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringafacoltativo
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Datafacoltativo
ISBNisbn ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringafacoltativo
ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringafacoltativo
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringafacoltativo
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Stringafacoltativo
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringafacoltativo
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringafacoltativo
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringafacoltativo
OLol

Open Library identifier

Stringafacoltativo
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringafacoltativo
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringafacoltativo
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringafacoltativo
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringafacoltativo
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringafacoltativo
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringafacoltativo
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringafacoltativo
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Stringafacoltativo
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Stringafacoltativo
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Predefinito
.
Stringafacoltativo
viavia

Identify the aggregator of the resource that provided the digital version (usually a database provider), when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

Esempio
[[EBSCOHost]], [[Proquest]], [[Newspapers.com]]
Stringafacoltativo
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Valori suggeriti
free
Stringafacoltativo
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Valori suggeriti
free
Stringafacoltativo
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Valori suggeriti
free
Stringafacoltativo
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Valori suggeriti
free
Stringafacoltativo
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Valori suggeriti
free
Stringafacoltativo
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Valori suggeriti
free
Stringafacoltativo

See also

mudé

Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS